The Pillar of Cybersecurity Tools – Penetration Testing

In a world where exploitation surrounds, cybersecurity is crucial. For many cybercriminals, manipulating large companies and corporations via service interference and data theft is a living. 

In the face of such technological advancement, companies need to improve their cybersecurity by updating software and firewalls. However, with the constant development of new technology, even the most comprehensive security plans can fail. 

In such cases, penetration testing comes handy. However, many remain apprehensive about data protection and privacy. How ethical are ethical hackers? Read on to understand how testing works and why it is so beneficial. 

What is Penetration Testing? 

Pen Testing is a process by which companies can identify weaknesses and flaws in their cybersecurity defences. A pen tester is an ethical hacker who tests the integrity of a company’s cybersecurity. 

These tests simulate real-world situations and can significantly contribute to a company’s security, defence and disaster management policies. 

Why do Companies Need Pen Testing? 

In an information-dominated world, data is valuable. Many companies spend millions on data storage and protection. However, many cybercriminals try to steal this data to sell it on the dark market. 

They exploit blind spots in a company’s cybersecurity to access this data, and one needs to protect themselves against such crimes. 

Additionally, other cybercriminals interfere with service provision, costing corporations millions. Denial of Service or DOS attacks is usually a financially-driven ransom-based crime. 

Types of Pen Testing

Closed-Box Testing

In a closed-box penetration test, the hacker tests a corporation’s cybersecurity with no inside knowledge about the company or its functions. Such a test simulates an attack by contacts with no connections to the company, and by testing without information, they go in blind, and such a test is a ‘single-blind test’. 

In the real world, such an attack has a typical financial motive. 

Open-Box Testing

In such a test, the hacker receives limited information on the company. 

This simulation mimics a case where the hacker has an inside connection to the company or an informant. In the real world, such cases are the most destructive.

Covert Pen Test

This penetration test examines a company’s response to unprecedented issues. Employees are not informed about the test.

Such a test is crucial in assessing disaster management strategies and preparedness. Through the results of this pen test, companies can develop better active defence systems for intrusions. 

External Pen Test

While conducting this penetration test, hackers do not step into the premises. They target a company’s external service and simulate a denial of service attack. Companies lose millions of dollars over compromised servers, and by simulating such an attack, they can work on getting servers back up quicker. 

Internal Pen Test

Cybersecurity must remain intact on both sides. Employees and contacts within the company can better exploit a company, and one must remain prepared for any scenario. In such cases, the hacker receives all information accessible to an employee and attempts to hack into security systems. 

Benefits of Penetration Testing

Practice makes Perfect

By testing a corporation’s response to a cyber-disaster, employees remain better prepared to take on real-world issues. 

No Blind Spots

A pen tester looks out for loopholes in a company’s cybersecurity to exploit and provides a detailed report after the test. By pen testing, companies are made aware of how their cybersecurity is lacking, and by working on such weaknesses, they strengthen their data and service protection systems. 

Better Disaster Response Strategies

Many multinational companies have disaster management policies in place and penetration testingcan help you understand which disaster response policies work best.

By incorporating these pen test results, one can improve their response to unprecedented cyberattacks. 

Financial Loss Mitigation

Companies lose billions over stolen data and compromised services. By preparing for such real-world obstacles, companies can prevent unnecessary financial losses.

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